The dazzling inhabitant of the outermost 對戒 part of our solar system, the gas giant Saturn reigns supreme as the most beautiful planet in the family of our Sun. Demonstrating its magnificent system of spider rings, consisting of a sparkling mass of pieces of ice frolicking around its planet in a distant dance, this giant gas planet is shrouded in a mesmerizing and majestic mystery. Saturn’s rings have preserved their ancient secrets well. However, in January 2016, astronomers published the results of their study showing that they had found an answer to one of Saturn’s many secrets after Saturn’s first “weighing” B-ring. Astronomers have found that appearance can be deceptive because this ring contains less substance than it seems – and this new study, which identifies the mass of Saturn’s rings, is essential for determining their true age and provides an answer to one of the most contentious issues. in planetary science – rings young or old?

Saturn’s rings are listed in alphabetical order in order of their discovery. The rings are marked with letters C, B and A. Ring A is outside, ring C is inside, and ring B is sandwiched between them. Several gradation rings have also recently been discovered. Ring D is the closest structure to its planet, and it is extremely weak. The thin F ring is located just outside Ring A, and behind it there are two much weaker rings marked by G and E. Rings show a larger structure at any scale, and some of them are prone to aftershocks caused by Saturn. lots of moons. However, there is still much to be explained about the nature of the rings.

The rings themselves create a very wide, thin, salivary space about 250,000 kilometers wide, but less than tens of hundreds of meters thick. Historically, scientists have struggled to explain the origin and age of Saturn’s rings. Some astronomers believe that these are very old original structures, the age of which is equal to our solar system age 4.56 billion years. However, other astronomers claim that these are indeed very young formations.

The sparkling blocks of ice that make up Saturn’s magnificent ethereal system vary in size from particles of frozen smoke to boulders the size of New York’s skyscrapers. These swirling, frozen little treats turn into a distant ballet as they orbit Saturn, affect each other and rotate together. Fragments of the ice and frozen rings are also affected by the magnetosphere of their planet. The magnetosphere is defined as the area of the planet’s magnetic influence. Tiny ice bites are also under the irresistible influence of the largest of Saturn’s 62 moons.

NASA’s Cassini spacecraft entered orbit around Saturn on July 1, 2004, and quickly began taking very revealing photos of this huge beautiful planet, its many moons and famous rings. While Saturn at first glance seems like a peaceful and peaceful planet when viewed from a distance, closer observations show how deceptive observations of this distant world can be at close range. Closer images taken with the Cassini probe showed the so-called strong spring storm that worried Saturn in the early months of 2011. The powerful, swirling and violent storm was reported by NASA on October 25, 2012. Indeed, this storm was so powerful that it depicted a huge cloud cover the size of the Earth!

During the 29-year orbit of Saturn, the fiery, glowing rays of our star’s bright light pass from north to south through this massive gas-shaped planet and its beautiful rings, and then return. Due to the changing light of sunlight, the temperature of the rings varies from season to season.

The great Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei sent his small and very primitive telescope to the starry sky in 1610 and became the first person to observe Saturn’s rings. Although the reflection of the rings increases the brightness of Saturn, they cannot be seen with the naked eye from Earth, and Galileo could not observe them well enough to discover their true nature.

In 1655, Dutch mathematician and astronomer Christian Guygens was the first to describe this bizarre structure as a disk orbiting Saturn. The Guygens did this with a homemade telescope that deflected. This ancient telescope, no matter how primitive it may be, was better than the telescope that Galileo used. This allowed Guygens to observe Saturn, and he noted that it is surrounded by a flat thin ring that is not in direct contact with Saturn and tends to ecliptic. British scientist Robert Hooke was also one of the first observers of Saturn’s rings.

Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini has determined that Saturn’s rings consist of much smaller rings with gaps between them. Cassini made these remarkable observations in 1675, and the biggest of these loopholes was named after him: the Cassini division. Cassini’s division is located between Ring A and Ring B and is 4,800 kilometres wide.

Data from the Cassini spacecraft shows that Saturn’s rings have their own atmosphere independent of their planet’s atmosphere. This atmosphere consists of gaseous molecular oxygen, which is created when ultraviolet light emanating from our Sun interacts with water ice in the rings. Chemical reactions occurring between fragments of water molecules, along with additional interactions with ultraviolet light, create, among other things, gaseous oxygen, and then release it. This circular atmosphere, though very thin, was discovered from our planet by the Hubble Space Telescope. The rings contain a total mass that is only a small percentage of Saturn’s total mass. In fact, the total mass of the ring system is slightly smaller than that of Saturn’s medium-sized moons.

It is generally thought that opaque material contains more particles than translucent material. This can be compared to the fact that in muddy water there are more suspended particles of dirt than in clean water. Therefore, it seems intuitive that in Saturn’s rings more opaque areas will contain a greater concentration of matter than areas where the rings seem more transparent.

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